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2018考研入门常识:研究生基本分类

简介
  尽管“研究生”这个词大家绝对是耳熟能详,但到底有哪些种类,十分清楚的人大概不多。研究生教育属于国民教育序列中的高等教育,又分为两个层次:硕士研究生和博士研究生。  研究生分类  1、按照培养方向分 ...

  JINGUAN“YANJIUSHENG”ZHEIGECIDAJIAJUEDUISHIERSHUNENGXIANG,DANDAODIYOUNAXIEZHONGLEI,SHIFENQINGCHUDERENDAGAIBUDUO。YANJIUSHENGJIAOYUSHUYUGUOMINJIAOYUXULIEZHONGDEGAODENGJIAOYU,YOUFENWEILIANGGECENGCI:SHUOSHIYANJIUSHENGHEBOSHIYANJIUSHENG。

  研究生分类

  1、ANZHAOPEIYANGFANGXIANGFENLEI,KEFENWEIPUTONGSHUOSHIHEZHUANYESHUOSHILIANGLEI。

  (1)普通硕士

  GENJUWOGUODEYOUGUANGUIDING,PUTONGSHUOSHIJIAOYUYIPEIYANGJIAOXUEHEKEYANRENCAIWEIZHU,SHOUYUXUEWEIDELEIXINGZHUYAOSHIXUESHUXINGXUEWEI。MUQIAN,WOGUOXUESHUXINGXUEWEIANZHAOSHENGXUEKEMENLEIFENWEIZHEXUE、JINGJIXUE、FAXUE、JIAOYUXUE、WENXUE、LISHIXUE、LIXUE、GONGXUE、NONGXUE、YIXUE、JUNSHIXUE、GUANLIXUE、YISHUXUEDENG13DALEI,13DALEIXIAMIANZAIFENWEI 110DUOGEYIJIXUEKE,110DUOGEYIJIXUEKEXIAMIANZAIXIFENWEI 400DUOGEERJIXUEKE,TONGSHIHAIYOUZHAOSHENGDANWEIZIXINGSHELIDEHENDUOERJIXUEKE。

  PUTONGSHUOSHIDEZHAOSHENGKAOSHIZHUYAOSHINIANCHUDEQUANGUOSHUOSHIYANJIUSHENGTONGYIRUXUEKAOSHI(JIANCHENG"TONGKAO"),BEILUQUHOU,HUODEYANJIUSHENGXUEJI。BIYESHI,RUOKECHENGXUEXIHELUNWENDABIANJUNFUHEXUEWEITIAOLIDEGUIDING,KEHUOBIYEZHENGSHUHEXUEWEIZHENGSHU。

  (2)专业硕士

  GENJUGUOWUYUANXUEWEIWEIYUANHUIDEDINGWEI,ZHUANYEXUEWEIWEIJUYOUZHIYEBEIJINGDEXUEWEI,PEIYANGTEDINGZHIYEGAOCENGCIZHUANMENRENCAI。ZHUANYESHUOSHIJIAOYUDEXUEXIFANGSHIBIJIAOLINGHUO,DAZHIKEFENWEIZAIZHIGONGDUHEQUANRIZHIXUEXILIANGLEI。BIJIAOJIANDANDEQUFENBANFASHI:ZHAOSHOUZAIZHIRENYUAN、YIYEYUSHIJIANXUEXIWEIZHUDEZHUANYEXUEWEIKAOSHITONGCHANGZAIMEINIANDE 10YUEFENJINXING,MINGWEI“ZAIZHIRENYUANGONGDUSHUOSHIXUEWEIQUANGUOLIANKAO”,JIANCHENG“LIANKAO”;ZHAOSHOUQUANRIZHIXUESHENGDEZHUANYEXUEWEIKAOSHIYUMEINIANNIANCHUJUXINGDE“QUANGUOSHUOSHIYANJIUSHENGTONGYIRUXUEKAOSHI”(JIANCHENG“TONGKAO”)YIQIJUXING。

  2、按学习方法分类

名升棋牌  FENWEITUOCHANYANJIUSHENGHEZAIZHIYANJIUSHENG。TUOCHANYANJIUSHENGZHIZAIGAODENGXUEXIAOHEKEYANJIGOUJINXINGQUANRIZHIXUEXIDEYANJIUSHENG;ZAIZHIYANJIUSHENGZHIZAIXUEXIQIJIANRENGZAIYUANGONGZUOGANGWEICHENGDANYIDINGGONGZUORENWUDEYANJIUSHENG。

  3、按报考类别分类

  分为“非定向、定向两种类别。

名升棋牌  (1)FEIDINGXIANGZHIZAILUQUSHIBUQUEDINGWEILAIDEGONGZUODANWEI,ZAIXIAOQIJIANXIANGSHOUGUOJIAGUIDINGDEJIANGXUEJINHEQITASHENGHUODAIYU。BIYESHIYINGFUCONGGUOJIAJIUYEZHIDAO,ZAIGUOJIAGUIDINGDEFUWUFANWEINEIJINXINGANPAIHUOSHIXINGSHUANGXIANGXUANZE。

  (2)DINGXIANGPEIYANGYANJIUSHENG,SHIZHIZAIZHAOSHENGSHIJITONGGUOHETONGXINGSHIMINGQUEQIBIYEHOUGONGZUODANWEIDEYANJIUSHENG,QIXUEXIQIJIANDEPEIYANGFEIYONGANGUIDINGBIAOZHUNYOUGUOJIAXIANGPEIYANGDANWEITIGONG。

  4、按照考试方式分类

  BAOKUOQUANGUOTONGKAO、LIANHEKAOSHI、DANDUKAOSHI、TUIJIANMIANSHIDENG。

  5、专业硕士常见知识

  问题一:专业硕士种类

名升棋牌  MUQIAN,WOGUOSHELIDEZHUANYESHUOSHIGONG40ZHONG,FENBIEWEIFALVSHUOSHI,SHEHUIGONGZUOSHUOSHI,JIAOYUSHUOSHI、TIYUSHUOSHI,HANYUGUOJIJIAOYUSHUOSHI,FANYISHUOSHI,YISHUSHUOSHI,FENGJINGYUANLINSHUOSHI,GONGCHENGSHUOSHI,JIANZHUSHUOSHI,NONGYETUIGUANGSHUOSHI,SHOUYISHUOSHI,LINCHUANGYIXUESHUOSHI,KOUQIANGYIXUESHUOSHI,GONGGONGWEISHENGSHUOSHI,HUIJISHUOSHI,GONGSHANGGUANLISHUOSHI,GONGGONGGUANLISHUOSHI,JUNSHISHUOSHI、JINRONGSHUOSHI、YINGYONGTONGJISHUOSHI、SHUIWUSHUOSHI、GUOJISHANGWUSHUOSHI、BAOXIANSHUOSHI、ZICHANPINGGUSHUOSHI、JINGWUSHUOSHI、YINGYONGXINLISHUOSHI、XINWENYUCHUANBOSHUOSHI、CHUBANSHUOSHI、WENWUYUBOWUGUANSHUOSHI、CHENGSHIGUIHUASHUOSHI、LINYESHUOSHI、HULISHUOSHI、YAOXUESHUOSHI、ZHONGYAOXUESHUOSHI、ZHONGYISHUOSHI、LVYOUGUANLISHUOSHI、TUSHUQINGBAOSHUOSHI、GONGCHENGGUANLISHUOSHI、SHENJISHUOSHI。

  问题二:专业硕士的学制及课程设置

  专业硕士的学制较灵活,多数学校和专业为两年。

名升棋牌  ZHUANYESHUOSHIKECHENGSHEZHIBAOHANLIANGBUFEN:DUIYINGXUESHUXINGSHUOSHIDESUOYOULILUNZHUGANKECHENG、BUSHAOYUBANNIANDESHIJIANCAOZUOBIXIUKECHENG。JIAOXUENEIRONGQIANGDIAOLILUNXINGYUYINGYONGXINGKECHENGDEYOUJIJIEHE,TUCHUANLIFENXIHESHIJIANYANJIU。JIAOXUEGUOCHENGGENGJIAZHONGSHIYUNYONGTUANDUIXUEXI、ANLIFENXI、XIANCHANGYANJIU、MONIXUNLIANDENGFANGFA,ZHUZHONGPEIYANGHETIGAOXUESHENGYANJIUSHIJIANWENTIDEYISHIHENENGLI。

  问题三:专业硕士的导师制度

  GENJUJIAOYUBUXIANGGUANWENJIANJINGSHEN,GEZHUANYEXUEWEIYANJIUSHENGPEIYANGDANWEIYAOJIANLIJIANQUANXIAONEI、WAISHUANGDAOSHIZHI,YIXIAONEIDAOSHIZHIDAOWEIZHU,XIAOWAIDAOSHIYINGCANYUSHIJIANGUOCHENG、XIANGMUYANJIU、KECHENGYULUNWENDENGDUOGEHUANJIEDEZHIDAOGONGZUO。

  问题四:普通硕士和专业硕士的主要区别

  1)培养方向不同

  GENJUWOGUODEYOUGUANGUIDING,PUTONGSHUOSHIJIAOYUYIPEIYANGJIAOXUEHEKEYANRENCAIWEIZHU,SHOUYUXUEWEIDELEIXINGZHUYAOSHIXUESHUXINGXUEWEI;ERZHUANYESHUOSHISHIJUYOUZHIYEBEIJINGDESHUOSHIXUEWEI,WEIPEIYANGTEDINGZHIYEGAOCENGCIZHUANMENRENCAIERSHEZHI。

  2)考试难度不同

名升棋牌  YINGYUKECHENGBUFEN:ZHUANSHUODABUFENKAOYINGYUER,NANDUJIAODI;KAOSHIFENSHUYIBANZHUANSHUOBIXUESHUDI。

  3)导师制度不同

名升棋牌  ZHUANYESHUOSHIYOULIANGGEDAOSHI,YIGESHIXUESHULILUNZHIDAODAOSHI,YIGESHISHIJIANHUODONGZHIDAODAOSHI,XUESHUSHUOSHIZHIYOUQIANZHEXUESHULILUNZHIDAODAOSHI。

  4)学费不同

  PUTONGSHUOSHIANGUOJIAGUIDINGXIANGSHOUMIANXUEFEIDAIYU,HUOZHEJIANGXUEJINZHIDU。2014NIANHOUGUOJIAQUXIAOMIANXUEFEIDAIYU,DANJIANGXUEJINFUGAIMIANBIJIAOGUANG,JISHISHOUFEI,XUEFEIYIBANBUGAOYU8000YUAN/NIAN,YEKEYITONGGUOSHENQINGGUOJIAZHUXUEDAIKUANHUOZHESHANGYEDAIKUANHUANJIEXUEFEIYALI。

名升棋牌  ZHUANYESHUOSHIXUEFEIJIAOGUI,ANZHAOBUTONGZHUANYELEIBIECHABIEJIAODA。LIRU,MBADEXUEFEIYAOSHIJISHENZHIJISHIWANYUAN,ERQITAZHUANYESHUOSHIDEXUEFEIYIBANWEIMEINIAN1WAN— 5WANBUDENG,ZHUANYESHUOSHIXUEWEIYIBANBUNENGSHENQINGGUOJIAZHUXUEDAIKUAN,DANYEYOUYIDINGDEJIANGXUEJINZHIDU。

  5)学习方式不同

  PUTONGSHUOSHISHIQUANRIZHIXUEXI,YIBANXUEZHIWEI3NIAN;ZHUANYESHUOSHIQUANRIZHIXUEXIYIBANWEI2NIAN,BANTUOCHANXUEXIYIBANWEI3NIAN。

  6)招生条件不同

名升棋牌  XUESHUSHUOSHIYIBANMEIYOUGONGZUONIANXIANDEYAOQIU,ZHUANYESHUOSHIZHONGDEGONGSHANGGUANLISHUOSHI、GONGGONGGUANLISHUOSHI、GONGCHENGGUANLISHUOSHI、LVYOUGUANLISHUOSHI、GONGCHENGSHUOSHIZHONGDEXIANGMUGUANLI、JIAOYUSHUOSHIZHONGDEJIAOYUGUANLI、TIYUSHUOSHIZHONGDEJINGSAIZUZHI YIJIDANDUSHEZHIKAOSHIDE,DOUYOUXIANGYINGGONGZUONIANXIANDEYAOQIU。YIBANZHUANKEYAOQIU5NIAN,BENKEYAOQIU3NIAN,SHUOSHIYAOQIU2NIAN。

  7)文凭颁发不同

名升棋牌  TONGKAODEZHUANYESHUOSHIHEXUESHUXINGDATIYIZHI,DOUYOUXUELIZHENGHEXUEWEIZHENG,ZHISHIZHUANYESHUOSHIXUEWEIZHENGSHUBIANHAOQIANYOUZDENGZIYANG。

  8)招生比例不同

  2012NIANZHUANSHUOZHAOSHENGBILIZHANDAOZONGZHAOSHENGRENSHUDE30%,2014NIANZUIXINTONGJI,ZHUANSHUOZHAOSHENGBILIZHANDAOZONGZHAOSHENGRENSHUDE40%,2015NIANANZHAOGUOJIAZHENGCEDAOXIANG,ZHUANSHUOZHAOSHENGHEXUESHUZHAOSHENGBILIJIANGDADAO1:1,ERMUQIANZHUANSHUOZHIKAISHELE39GEZHUANYE,ZHEIXIEZHUANYEDEXUESHUZHAOSHENGRENSHUJIANGDAFUJIANSHAO。

  备注:学术硕士、全日制专硕、在职专硕区别表

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